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  1. Brief Discourse concerning the Force and Effect of all Manuall Weapons of Fire, 1594, 15v 16.*
  2. BOYNTON, L., The Elizabethan Militia, 1558-1638, 1967, p. 66.
  3. Acts of The Privy Council ... New Series, xxv, 27-28. Cit. Cruikshank, C.G. Elizabeth's Army. 1966. p. 114.
  4. BOYNTON, p. 67
  5. Ibid. State Papers 12/78/15, Cit. Boynton.
  6. BOYNTON, p. 113.
  7. Certain Discourses concerning the formes and effects of diverse sorts of Weapons, 1590. 35ff.*
  8. Brief Discourse, 12v.
  9. Allarme to England, 1578, sig. K. 3b.
  10. Brief Discourse, 18v. Barwick seems to have derived this idea of the incapacity of archers from the supposed speech of the Constable of France heartening his troops before Agincourt, in Hall's Chronicle, not realising that it was a quotation. The relevant part reads: ... For you must understand, ye kepe an Englishman one moneth from his warme bed, fat befe and stale drynke, and let him that season tast colde and suffre hunger, you shall se his courage abated, his bodye waxe leane and bare, and ever desirous to return into his owne countrey.
    Quotes were not used and a cursory reading would give the impression that it was Hall's own conclusion.
  11. BOYNTON, p. 295.
  12. OXLEY, J.E., The Fletchers and Longbow stringmakers of London, 1968, pp. 33-34.
  13. Ibid, p. 35.
  14. Ibid, p. 36.
  15. WALKER, G.C., The Honourable Artillery Company, 1537-1947, p. 82.
  16. MCELWEE, W., The Art of War: Waterloo to Mons, 1974, p. 41.
  17. HASWELL, J., A Concise History of the British Army, 1975, pp. 118-9.
  18. RICHARDS, D.S., The Peninsula Veterans 1975, p. 7.
  19. Recollections of Rifleman Harris, Ed. C. Hibbert, 1970, p. 41.

* The Discourses of Sir John Smythe and Humfrey Barwick were reproduced in one volume in 1973 under the title Bow versus Gun.